Middle English can be roughly described as the English varieties spoken after the Norman Conquest in 1066 which lead to the transition from Old English to Middle English. In the mid-15th century, Middle English is succeded by Early Modern English which is the language of famous poet William Shakespeare.
Of course, the Middle English period had its own renowned poet, namely Geoffrey Chaucer, whose magnum opus are “The Canterbury Tales.” The background story is
about several pilgrims who are planning to go to Canterbury and who tell their tales consecutively. Despite the age of the book, it is very enjoyable and pleasant to read. In fact, some of
the tales could be considered to be quite nasty (e.g. The Miller's Tale). The structure of “The Canterbury Tales“ was most likely inspired by Giovanni Boccaccio who also
used a background story for a collection of tales in his most famous work “Il Decamerone.”